Changes in the body, injuries or pigmentation disorders can often cause the skin to darken or change in color. This can occur in multiple areas on the surface of your skin or only on patches of skin. While changes in skin tone can often affect one’s confidence or be concerning, The Vein Institute of Hunterdon offers treatment to help you feel your best.

What is Hyperpigmentation

Melanin gives your skin, hair and eyes their unique color. Skin tone is the result of a process in which cells inside the outer layer of your skin, called melanocytes, produce melanin. The color of the skin depends on the size, amount and functioning of the melanocytes that make up how much melanin is in the skin. When your body changes its production of melanin, your skin can become darker or lighter than normal.

Hyperpigmentation occurs when the body creates too much melanin, causing the skin to darken over time. Alternatively, the skin can lighten if the melanin starts being destroyed by the body’s immune system, a condition called vitiligo.

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Causes of Hyperpigmentation

Several factors can shift the production of melanin in the body. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by:

  • Acne
  • Skin aging
  • Skin cancer
  • Genetics
  • Sun exposure
  • Certain medication
  • Auto-immune disorders
  • Pregnancy

Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation

The symptoms of hyperpigmentation usually manifest themselves as darkened areas of the skin. Patches can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body, including the eyes and inside the mouth and nose. Hyperpigmentation is not usually harmful or an indication of a more serious medical condition.

How is Hyperpigmentation Diagnosed?

One of the first steps in treating hyperpigmentation is to get an official diagnosis. Your provider will examine the affected area and may order a hyperpigmentation test. The test is used to determine the different types of pigments that are present in your skin, including carotene (yellow), melanin (brown) and hemoglobin (red). This will help your provider decide on a treatment plan based on what type of hyperpigmentation you have.

Treatments for Hyperpigmentation

Treatment for hyperpigmentation can vary greatly, depending on the cause. Certain types may fade with over-the-counter solutions, while some cases may require ongoing management with the help of more involved therapies which can be discussed and evaluated in your free consultation at The Vein Institute.

Laser Treatment for Pigment Reduction

Laser treatment for pigment reduction is performed at The Vein Institute of Hunterdon using our state-of-the-art excel® V laser system. This safe technology treats uneven skin tone, pigment lesions or hyperpigmentation. The procedure combines high-performance dual wavelengths and the proprietary long-pulsed Nd:YAG laser to target abnormal blood vessels and pigment in the skin to improve uneven skin tone, sunspots, benign pigmented lesions and other skin revitalization concerns.

If you are feeling uncomfortable about your hyperpigmentation, you are not alone. The Vein Institute is dedicated to helping you achieve your best looking skin. If you’re interested in laser treatment for pigment reduction, fill out our contact form, or give us a call at 908-788-0066 today.

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